For medicinal purposes, the above-ground part of the plant is mainly used. Chistitsa is collected during the flowering period of the plant, the collected upper parts of the plant are ground and dried in the shade in an open area (you can also dry the raw materials in well-ventilated areas).
In folk medicine, infusions of chistets are successfully used to treat diathesis, fainting, scrofula, gout, certain skin diseases and nervous disorders. There are reviews of Chista in which it is reported that infusions from this plant contribute to lowering blood pressure, normalizing the menstrual cycle and eliminating uterine bleeding, as well as increasing the strength of heart contractions.
Fresh leaves are used for medicinal purposes. They are applied to cuts, boils, bruises and abrasions.
In some cases, as a raw material used flowers of Pistav. Of these, prepare infusions and decoctions, which are used in the treatment of certain skin inflammations, as well as to remove acne and dandruff.
For the preparation of water infusion, 4 tablespoons of dried raw materials (the aerial part of the plant) are poured with a liter of water and boiled over low heat for 10 minutes, then infused for eight hours. Infusion is filtered and used for external use (infusion is used in the form of compresses, lotions and washings).
Chistema marsh grows up to 1.1 m in height and has finely toothed leaves and a lowered stem. This species of plant blooms with small purple-violet flowers. There are many useful substances in Chistave marsh: coumarins, pectins, astringents, essential oils, organic acids, flavonoids, sugars, carotenoids and vitamin C.
Chistema marsh is considered the most used in traditional medicine. It is used for the rapid healing of cuts, wounds, abrasions, abscesses and bruises.
Aqueous and alcoholic infusion of swamp chistets are taken orally for the treatment of nervous disorders and hysterics, herpes and eczema, diathesis, gout, hypertension, cerebral stroke. In the treatment of the above diseases, the infusion of chistets is used only as an aid in the complex therapy. The use of infusions Chistitsa marsh helps restore the menstrual cycle and stop uterine bleeding. Also used infusions for rinsing with angina. Baths with a decoction of chistitsa marsh help in the treatment of scrofula and various skin diseases.
Prepare an alcohol tincture as follows: 3 teaspoons of swamp Chistets pour a glass of vodka and infuse for 7 days, filter. Take the infusion should be twice a day, 20 drops (infusion diluted with water before use).
Chistets forest has a long climbing rhizome, upright tetrahedral stems and dark crimson flowers. This type of plant is used as an effective styptic. It has a celandine forest and moderate sedative properties.
Wool woolly chisty is a popular ornamental plant that also has healing properties. Therefore, the woolly chiset is grown not only as a decoration of gardens and parks, it is also grown for the preparation of medicinal raw materials. Often woolly Chisto called Byzantine chistye or cleft ears.
Chistets Byzantine can have a hypotensive, analgesic and cardiotonic effects on the human body. Also Chistets woolly has a stimulating effect on the contraction of the muscles of the uterine walls. To reduce the pressure or reduce the amplitude of the heartbeat, take a dry extract, tincture or decoction of the woolly Chistav. A decoction of the rhizomes of the Byzantine douche helps with colic and has an antispasmodic effect.
In addition to the Byzantine, forest and marsh Chistitsa, there are many other varieties of this plant.
Latin name Stachys in ancient times it was used for various types of labia and it means "spike", in appearance of inflorescences.
This genus includes more than 300 plants distributed throughout the globe, with the exception of Australia and New Zealand. In the former USSR, more than 50 species are represented, in the European part of Russia, 9 species, in Western Siberia, 7 species grow, and in Altai - 5.
In southern and middle Russia, yellow-flowered chistye are common ( Stachys annua ) and Chistets direct ( Stachys recta ), almost in all of Russia there is a forest cleaner ( Stachys sylvatica ) and swamp chistets ( Stachys palustris ), both with purple flowers, the first with heart-shaped, with a very unpleasant smell leaves, the second with lanceolate leaves.
Often densely pubescent plants up to 100 cm tall.
The leaves are arranged oppositely, whole or toothed.
Flowers pink, lilac, purple, white or yellow, are collected in false whorls, forming spicate inflorescences. Calyx is tubular-bell-shaped or bell-shaped, five-dentate, with sharp teeth, the upper lip of the rim is usually concave or helmet-shaped;
Fruit - triangular, ovate or oblong nut.
In Europe, especially in England, France and Switzerland, a Chinese artichoke was introduced into culture ( Stachys affinis ), thickened tubers which are edible.
Preparations of Chistav forest recommended by official medicine for use in obstetric-gynecological practice in the postpartum period. Pharmacological studies of alcohol tinctures of this plant showed a pronounced sedative and hypotensive effect. Moreover, in its sedative effect on the central nervous system, the forest cleaner is significantly superior to such a well-known plant as motherwort. When studying the properties of Chistitsa marsh ( Stachys palustris ) revealed a wide range of pharmacological actions - choleretic, antiexudative, anti-inflammatory and diuretic. Pharmacy cleaner ( Stachys officinalis ) showed a pronounced choleretic, as well as anti-inflammatory and anti-toxic effects.
As an ornamental plant, Byzantine, or woolly Chisty is grown most often ( Stachys byzantina ) because of the spectacular leaves with a silvery shade.
Chistets belongs to the family of Lambskin. Under natural conditions, the culture grows in the temperate zone: Europe, South and North America, Africa. This is an unpretentious herb that is used as a decoration in landscape design or floriculture.
No wonder he was given the name "woolly", the leaves are covered with soft-to-touch hairs that resemble the animal's hair. The leaves have an elongated shape, in the form of "ears of a hare." The leaves are collected in rosettes, in the center of which a long stem with inflorescences appears in the period of flowering. Height of an adult plant is up to 30 cm. Blooming is observed from June to September. Inflorescences have bell-shaped cups with sharp petals. The color can be yellow, pink, white or lilac, depending on the plant variety.
In place of the flower comes the fruit-box: a nut that has three faces. Inside it are the seeds of Chistac. To achieve some decorative goals, gardeners prune flowering shoots, in which case the plant is used as a short edging of country paths, flower beds, or part of a panel-compositionz plants of different colors.
The roots are not branched, go deep into the soil. On the rhizome, you can see the small tubers elongated.
This is a perennial plant, which mainly propagates by dividing the bush. Much rarer seeds or tubers. Propagation by dividing the bush has a purely practical function: the Chisel is growing rapidly, and in order to control its shape, it is worth periodically thinning the bushes.
The genus includes about 400 species of plants, but only about ten became popular with gardeners and designers.
Woolly chistitse, or stakhis. Decorative culture, which fell in love with gardeners because of fancy shaggy leaves. This is a frost-resistant and unpretentious plant. It blooms from June to September with pink-purple flowers. Main varieties:
- Silver Carpet - undersized variety, bushes up to 15 cm in height. When growing, it forms a silver-green carpet,
- Striped Phantom - is characterized by the presence of white longitudinal strips on the surface of the leaves,
- Sheila Macqueen - herb without flowering. The variety has low shoots and downy leaves,
- Big Ears - grass with medium-sized shoots. They are covered with shaggy long leaves (25 cm).
Chistitse forest grows in Western Asia and Europe. It is a medium sized plant with dark green leaves. Inflorescences of crimson color. This is a forest herb that is used in traditional medicine as a hemostatic and sedative.
Another popular type of culture is the Byzantine Chist. This is a herbaceous perennial culture. It grows mainly in the countries of South Asia, but is also found in the European part of the continent. It has a distinctive flavor. Juice contains a large amount of essential oils and vitamins of group C, therefore it is used as a medicinal plant.
One-year Chistke - is a large grass-honey plant. It grows in forest areas, as well as in the meadows of Europe and Asia.
The largest representative of the species is the swamp chistet. The growing environment is marshland. This is a tall grass with a powerful stem. The leaves have small cloves along the edge. And the stem and leaves are covered with small fibers. Used in folk medicine as an infusion for wound healing.
Reproduction occurs in a vegetative way, less often by seeds (this type of reproduction is characteristic of wild species). Decorative crops are planted with seeds in the winter in separate boxes for seedlings.
The most common and easy way of reproduction of ornamental Chistets is the division of the bush. Thinning perennial bushes, gardeners get a new planting material. Delenki perfectly take root. More often transplantation is carried out in the spring.
It is recommended to plant new plants at a distance of at least 15 cm. This is due to the ability of the plant to grow. For seedlings choose delenki with 2−4 leaves, these are rosettes that are easily separated from the parent bush.
Watering should be carried out with caution, as the rhizome is sensitive to excess moisture.
Secrets of care
The plant is unpretentious, but you must follow a few simple rules of cultivation. By following the simple care requirements, after a few weeks you can get a thick, fluffy carpet. Primary requirements:
- Lighting. Chistets loves light. Therefore, it should be planted in well-lit areas. Permissible and landing in the penumbra. For example, under shrubs or in close proximity to larger grasses.
- Temperature mode. Since the plant naturally feels comfortable in temperate latitudes, the optimum temperature for it is about 25 degrees. But even in the heat, culture feels favorably on the condition of evening watering. It is frost resistant. It winters without any problems under the snow, without special shelters. Foliage for the winter is not pruned, but some gardeners prefer pruning plants from older shoots.
- Requirements for the soil. In principle, the type of soil is not a matter of principle. Stakhis can exist for any soil composition. However, you should not plant in nutrient-rich soil; moderate fertility is most acceptable. With an excess of nutrients, the plant loses its decorative appearance. The leaves are painted in a bright green color, while losing its subdued silver shade.
- Watering. This is a plant that loves moderate watering. Excellent drought. But an excess of moisture can lead to rotting of the rhizome and the plant as a whole.
- Nutrition. Feeding should be carried out regularly during the flowering period. This will prepare the culture for the winter. Fertilizers use organic and mineral character. Suitable litter (chicken or cow), ammonium nitrate or mineral complexes.
- Crop. After a period of flowering, remove the flower stalks. Some cut them before flowering, in the case when there is a need to use the culture as a living carpet without flowers. The plant loses its decorative appearance in the flowering phase: the foliage thins, the bush draws out, and “bald spots” appear. Before wintering, the lower leaves are removed, as well as fragments with defects.
- Disease. Stahis may suffer from fungal diseases. This happens if the plant grows in conditions of high humidity or after heavy rains. Insect plant repels its pile and specific smell, so the pests do not threaten the culture.
In general, culture does not require special attention. It may well grow independently with small interventions for correction.
Use in traditional medicine
Some varieties of Chistac have useful properties and are effectively used in traditional medicine. In the stem, leaves and roots contain tannins, pectins, essential oils, polysaccharides and useful acids. Chistet has:
- anti-inflammatory properties
- hemostatic and healing effect on wounds and suppurations,
- expectorant properties for colds and respiratory diseases,
- diuretic effect, which allows the use of diseases of the urogenital system.
The herb in folk medicine is used dry and fresh. From the plant they prepare infusions on alcohol and oils, which are used as rubbing or in the form of compresses, dressings. Chistitsa decoction is used for washing wounds, as well as for ingestion. Effective baths and lotions on the basis of a decoction.
A spectacular ornamental plant can not only decorate the garden, but also become a living pharmacy for the owner.
Description of Chistal
Chisetz belongs to the genus of perennial or annual herbs of the family yasnotkovyh. Its height often does not exceed one meter. The leaves of the plant are toothed, whole, arranged oppositely.
The flowers collected in false whorls have a beautiful purple, lilac, pink, yellow or white color and form spikelike inflorescences. The five-toothed calyx with sharp teeth has a bell-shaped or tubular-bell-shaped form. The fruit is a triangular oblong or ovoid nutlet.
Useful properties of chistets
Many types of Chistave have long been used in traditional medicine. In particular, infusions from this medicinal herb were used to facilitate childbirth. It was believed that they can numb the contractions and speed up the birth process. The official science also did not stand aside, and from the middle of the twentieth century, Chisette’s preparations began to enter the obstetric practice as an effective styptic.
Chistek boasts a solid set of useful substances and elements. Its various types contain pectic substances, various organic acids, essential oils, carotenoids, tannins, sugars, flavonoids, traces of alkaloids.The presence of vitamin C in the plant has a beneficial effect on the body and helps strengthen the immune system.
The flowers of Chistets are small, lilac-pink or lilac, they are collected in dense spicate inflorescences on long pedicels. In folk medicine, the flowers of this medicinal plant are used a little less frequently than the rest of the aerial parts. Most often, based on them, decoctions and infusions are prepared to help get rid of dandruff, acne and some skin inflammations.
Infusion: for its preparation, it is necessary to pour four tablespoons of the Pista grass herb with flowers into one liter, boil for ten minutes in a sealed container, then infuse for eight hours, then strain. Use this tool should be externally in the form of lotions, compresses and washings.
Types of chistitsa
Chista has a large number of species distributed almost throughout the globe. Many of them are applied to one degree or another in traditional medicine or other fields.
Chistets forest has straight tetrahedral stems, long creeping rhizome and beautiful dark crimson flowers. This species blooms throughout the summer, fruits from July. Chisty forest grows in Western Asia, China, Europe, the European part of Russia, Kazakhstan. The plant can often be found in ravines, forests, glades, meadows. This healing herb has established itself as a good styptic. In addition, it has some sedative effects.
Woolly chistets is a rather popular ornamental perennial grown to adorn gardens, lawns and parks. In the care it is quite unpretentious, cold-resistant. The first flowers bloom in early June, the plant blooms for 40–50 days.
Chistez Byzantine is a perennial herb. It has branched or straight stems, its height does not exceed 60 cm. This species is widely distributed in Iran, Turkey, Armenia, it is found in Russia, Ukraine, the Crimea and the Caucasus. This plant is used for both decorative and medical purposes. Chistets Byzantine contains in its composition vitamin C, fatty oil and many other elements.
Chistema marsh reaches 110 cm in height, has a pubescent stem, rigid, downward hairs and sharp finely toothed leaves. The flowers of the plant are painted in violet-purple color. This type of chistitsa is one of the most used in traditional medicine. Its leaves contribute to the speedy healing of wounds, cuts, abrasions, bruises and abscesses.
Chistsev annual grows throughout Europe, in Western Siberia and Central Asia. This plant is a good honey plant. Actively in folk medicine is not used.
Chista is a poisonous plant, so when it is applied it is necessary to adhere to the exact dosages and recommendations of the doctor. SELF-HEALING by this grass is FORBIDDEN! Chista is also categorically contraindicated during lactation and during pregnancy.
Education: The diploma in “Medicine” and “Therapy” was obtained at the University named after N.I. Pirogov (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).
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Chistets woolly is not a pharmacopoeial plant and official medicine is not used, but its healing properties are successfully used in traditional medicine. Chistets woolly has a hypotensive, cardiotonic, antispasmodic effect on the human body. The plant has a stimulating effect on the contraction of the muscles of the walls of the uterus, is successfully used in the period of labor of women, providing an antispasmodic, hemostatic effect. For the purpose of lowering blood pressure or reducing the amplitude of heart contractions, a dry extract, decoction or tincture of a woolly chistet is used. Broths from the rhizomes of plants help with colic, spasms of the intestine and stomach, have an antispasmodic effect. Broths from the crushed roots of chistets are effective for colds, tuberculosis. Alcoholic tinctures of chistets are effective for disorders and diseases of the nervous system, lotions of grass decoction help with eczema, dermatological diseases, mastopathy, scrofula. Healing fees with Chista apply for epilepsy, hysteria.
Contraindications and side effects
Despite its many beneficial properties, woolly chistere has some contraindications. The plant is not used for hepatitis, chronic and acute nephritis, bronchial asthma, atherosclerosis, hypertension, angina, with convulsions. Contraindications Chistetsa apply to children, women during pregnancy and lactation, with individual intolerance and allergic manifestations. Chistets woolly - low-toxic plant compared with some species of the genus Chistets. Increasing the dosage when using plant-based products can cause allergies as well as poisoning.
Wool woolly chistits - an ideal decorative garden plant for framing flower beds, borders, used in combination with other plants in carpet compositions. Forms an even, thick and dense silvery cover, perfectly contrasts with the green foliage of other plants and bright colors of their flowers. Peduncles are pruned immediately after flowering to achieve the appearance of new shoots. Chisets are often planted in a mixborder, on an alpine hill, to which this plant gives particular showiness.
In the culture of the woolly sweeper since 1782. The plant is winter-resistant, unpretentious in the care, light-loving. In sunny areas, the plant is particularly decorative: the leaves grow larger and acquire a bluish-silver shade. Chisel grows well on any drained soils. Propagated by seeds (self-seeding) and vegetatively - by dividing the bush and cuttings. Caring for the chistets is to timely restore the thinned cover and to trim the peduncles after their flowering. Many varieties of woolly Chistav were bred, among them are low-growing shrubs: “Sheep ears”, “Marvel” about 30 cm in height.
Chistets woolly (lat. Stachys lanata) is considered the most decorative type of the numerous genus Chistets (lat. Stachys), which has up to 400 species. The correct botanical name of the plant is Byzantine Chistets (lat. Stachys byzantina). Belongs to the family Luminous (lat. Lamiaceae).
Woolly Chisty - a perennial rhizome plant, subshrub, the stems of which are erect, tetrahedral in shape, slightly branched, but densely pubescent, reach 50-60 cm in height.
The root system has the form of underground shoots with bulges - small tubers. The lower leaves of Chistav are lanceolate, up to 12 cm in length, acuminate, heart-shaped or rounded at the base, placed on short petioles, arranged oppositely. Upper bracts of the ovoid-lanceolate form, sessile, long-pointed. Leaf blades have a felted finish and a silvery shade. Chistits flowers for a long time - up to 50 days. Inflorescence chistetsa spicate - false whorl, consisting of 6 - 10 flowers. Bracts linear, calyx bilabiate, corolla purple, lilac or purple-lilac. The fruit of Chistac is a three-edged nutlet of dark brown shade, oval in shape. The flowering period of the plant is June - September, at the beginning of autumn the fruits ripen.